Tuesday, 5 April 2016

How Bees Make Honey

How Bees Make Honey
Image From Google

A bee is a black and yellow flying insect, that has a stinger in the end of its abdomen. This insect lives in large colonies and produces honey.

Image From Google
Honey is a sweet, sticky spread that is produced by many types of bees and wasps. It is golden in color and comes in a gooey or hard form.


The honey making process begins with the bee sucking nectar from the flower. Nectar is a fluid filled with sugar. It is produced by plants and attracts pollination mainly by insects. The bee sucks the nectar until their honey sac is filled. The honey sac is located right next to the bee's stomach.  Once the bee is done, it flies back to its hive and gives the indoor bee the nectar.
Image From Google

In the hive, the bees work together and reduce the moisture until it reaches around 20%. They achieve this by, passing the nectar around mouth to mouth to each bee. After the reducing process is completed, the nectar changes into honey. Sometimes this process is skipped because it all depends on the evaporation from the temperature inside the hive.
The honey then gets stored into the storage cells. It also gets capped with beeswax.


Bees always end up having excess honey and this gets removed from beekeepers.
Image result for honey extractor
Image From Google
Beekeeper collect honey by gathering the honeycomb frames and scraping off the cap.The cap is used to secure the honey in each of the storage cell. Once this is done, the frame goes into an extractor.  The extractor is cylinder shaped and it forces honey out of the frames. Next the honey is gathered and strained. This is done so that any hard honeycomb parts can be removed.

The last part of this process is the labeling and storage. The honey gets put into bottles and each of them has a label. Next, the bottles get sent away to the stores and gets purchased by us.
This is a very simple and easy process. Did you know that bees are the only insect that produce food eaten by men?

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